Coffee is a magical drink that makes you alive! Your morning cup of Joe is a fantastic species sent down from the Universe. But did you know there are dozens of coffee species? Yet, the most common and commercialize coffee species are Arabica and Robusta. Both of them have several distinctive characteristics. Let’s find out which one will be your daily drink!
Arabica VS Robusta
Arabica coffee is packed with flavors and tends to be sweet – soft to sharp - tangy. Unroasted Arabica is very similar to blueberry. Roasted Arabica has a sweeter fruit notes and caramelize, floral after taste, depending on its varietal. Generally, people tend to like Arabica coffee more when compared to Robusta as it is more aromatic and flavorful.
Robusta coffee has stronger and grainer taste like wheat with nutty fragrance. Unlike Arabica, Robusta tends to be rich, deep, dark with harshness. The beans are easier to grow, in fact, the price of Arabica coffee beans is higher when compared to the Robusta coffee.
This coffee is grown in altitude of 700-1700 meters above sea level and on 16-20°C. Arabica has high sensitivity on leaf rust type disease or known as HV or HEMILEIA VASTATRIX. The disease often occurred when the coffee tree is planted in areas with less than 700 meters above sea level elevation.
Arabica coffee is generally from Ethiopia and Brazil which control 70% of the global coffee market. It needs cooling climates with lots of moisture and rich soil to cultivate Arabica beans.
Robusta controls 30% of the world market and is widely available in Colombia, Indonesia, and Philippine. The characteristics of Robusta often distinct with bitter, chocolaty taste and sweet fragrance. This coffee texture is rough and with variety of colors. Robusta tree is easier to grow and is more resistant to disease and insect. It can even grow on lower mainland which is about 700m above sea level. It yields more coffee beans as the flowering process takes up to 10 months to mature. Robusta requires slightly warmer temperatures of 18 – 36°C to cultivate.